June 17, 2024


Commensal: Commensal /k?mens?l/ noun an organism which lives on another plant or animal but does not harm it or influence it in any way. Parasite, symbiont adjective referring to a commensal. Understanding commensal relationships helps manage ecosystem balance and biodiversity.



Landscape: Landscape refers to the scenery, general shape, structure, and features of the surface of an area of land. Understanding landscape helps farmers manage land aesthetics and environmental impact.


Iucn – The World Conservation Union

IUCN – The World Conservation Union: A union of 140 countries that generates scientific knowledge, advice and standards on environmental subjects and monitors the status of species, publishing findings in its Red Lists. Helps farmers understand global conservation efforts.


Farm Environment Plan

Farm Environment Plan: A survey carried out of all a farm’s environmental features, such as its natural resources, landscape, resident wildlife, and points of access. Abbr FEP. This plan helps farmers manage their land sustainably and protect the environment.


Combining Peas

Combining Peas: Combining peas plural noun peas grown on a large scale, which are harvested with a combine harvester. Growing and combining peas improves crop efficiency and marketability.


Quality Grain

quality grain: The application of quality standards when selling grain. Good quality is indicated by a high specific weight. Adhering to these standards can help farmers achieve better prices for their crops and build a reputation for reliability and excellence in the market.



evaporate: To change from being a liquid to being a vapor, or to change a liquid into a vapor. In the heat of the day, water evaporates from the surface of the earth. The sun evaporated all the water in the puddle. Understanding evaporation helps farmers manage irrigation and water resources.



Landfill: Landfill refers to the disposal of waste by putting it into holes in the ground and covering it with earth. It also refers to the site where this occurs. The council has decided to use the old gravel pits as a landfill site. Landfill sites can leak pollutants into the groundwater. Properly constructed landfill sites can be used to provide gas for fuel. Managing landfills responsibly prevents environmental contamination and can generate renewable energy.



aftermath: Grass which grows quickly after cutting for hay, and which will provide a second cut. Managing aftermath helps farmers maximize forage production for their livestock.


Precision Chop Forage Harvester

precision chop forage harvester: A type of harvester which cuts the crop with flails, chops it into precise lengths, and blows it into a trailer. It may be self-propelled, off-set trailed, or mounted. It is used for harvesting green material for making silage. Helpful content: Precision chop forage harvesters improve silage quality by ensuring consistent chop lengths. This enhances fermentation and feed efficiency, supporting better livestock nutrition and farm profitability.



endosperm: A storage tissue in plant seeds that provides nourishment for the developing embryo. Understanding endosperm is essential for farmers to manage seed health and crop production.



Clydesdale: A breed of heavy draught horse originating in Scotland, known for its brown or black color with a mass of white ‘feathers’ at the feet. Raising Clydesdale horses provides valuable animals for work and recreation, contributing to farm productivity and income.



WFU: Abbreviation for Women’s Food and Farming Union. Engaging with organizations like WFU can provide valuable resources and support for women in farming.



Cutting: Cutting noun a small piece of a plant from which a new plant will grow COMMENT: Taking cuttings is a frequently used method of propagation which ensures that the new plant is an exact clone of the one from which the cutting was taken. Utilizing cuttings supports plant propagation and crop improvement.

Cattle Body Condition

The assessment of cattle’s fat and muscle reserves, used to evaluate their nutritional status and overall health. Body condition scoring helps manage feeding and health care. For instance, regularly assessing cattle body condition to adjust diets and ensure optimal health.



humus: The fibrous organic matter in soil, formed from decomposed plants and animal remains, which makes the soil dark and binds it together. Using humus improves soil fertility and supports healthy crop growth.



pig: An animal of the family Suidae, a farm animal reared for its meat. Domestic pigs are thought to be descended from the European wild boar. Managing pig farming efficiently provides valuable meat products and ensures animal welfare.



thrive: (Of an animal or plant) to develop and grow strongly. Ensuring conditions that allow plants and animals to thrive can enhance farm productivity and sustainability.


Potato Planter

potato planter: A machine for planting potatoes. Helpful content: Potato planters ensure precise and consistent planting, leading to uniform crop establishment. Farmers can benefit from improved planting efficiency and better crop management using these machines.



resistant: Referring to something which is unaffected by a disease, stress factor, process, or treatment. Developing resistant crop and livestock varieties enhances farm resilience and productivity.



disjointed: Not connected in any way. Managing disjointed operations involves implementing proper planning and coordination practices. Farmers should ensure that all aspects of their operations are connected and aligned to achieve farm goals. Understanding the benefits of integrated management will aid in effective farm operations and productivity.


Non-Persistent Pesticide

non-persistent pesticide: a pesticide which does not remain toxic for long, and so does not enter the food chain. Non-persistent pesticides offer farmers a tool for effective pest control with reduced environmental impact. By using these pesticides, farmers can manage pests while minimizing the risk of residues in food and harm to non-target organisms. Understanding the proper application and timing of non-persistent pesticides ensures their effectiveness and safety. This approach supports integrated pest management, promoting sustainable and responsible farming practices.


Infected Area

infected area: A place where animals must be kept in isolation as a result of a notice issued by the Animals Inspector when an animal is suspected or known to have a notifiable disease. Helps farmers implement biosecurity measures.



surface-rooting: referring to a plant whose roots are shallow in the soil. Compare deep-rooted. Properly managing surface-rooting plants ensures healthy growth and optimal yields, supporting productive agriculture.


Ulster White

Ulster White: A breed of pig popular for bacon production in Northern Ireland. It is quite rare today, having been replaced by the Large White. Preserving rare breeds like the Ulster White can maintain genetic diversity in livestock, which is important for disease resistance and overall farm resilience.

Feeding Equipment

Machinery and tools used to distribute and manage feed for livestock. Feeding equipment includes feed mixers, wagons, and conveyors. For instance, using a feed mixer to blend different feed ingredients and ensure a balanced diet for cattle.



Fence: A barrier put around a field, either to mark the boundary or to prevent animals from entering or leaving. Effective fencing is essential for livestock management and farm security.



exclosure: An area fenced to prevent animals from entering. Compare enclosure. Using exclosures helps farmers protect sensitive areas and manage grazing effectively.



drawbar: A metal bar at the back of a tractor used to pull trailed implements. Some tractors have a drawbar that can be attached to the hydraulic linkage. Drawbars are essential for connecting various types of farm equipment.



pathology: The study of diseases and the changes in structure and function which diseases can cause. Research in pathology contributes to better disease diagnosis and management in crops and livestock.



PRRS: Abbreviation for porcine reproductive respiratory syndrome. Helpful content: Managing PRRS involves implementing strict biosecurity measures and vaccination programs. Early detection and intervention can reduce the spread of the disease and improve herd productivity.



manganese: a metallic trace element. It is essential for biological life and is also used in making steel. Manganese deficiency is associated with high pH and soils that are rich in organic matter. It can cause grey leaf of cereals, marsh spot in peas and speckled yellowing of leaves of sugar beet. It is usually cured by applying manganese sulfate as foliar spray. Ensuring adequate manganese levels in soil can prevent these deficiencies and support healthy crop growth, leading to better yields and farm sustainability.



Chrysalis: A stage in the development of a butterfly or moth when the pupa is protected in a hard case. Understanding insect life cycles, including the chrysalis stage, helps farmers manage pest populations and protect crops.